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Town Hall

Information about the City Council of Tartu and City Government of Tartu
Raekoda, 51003 Tartu
736 1101

 

Town Hall
Carillon of Tartu Town Hall

The Town Hall of Tartu

Since ancient times, the Town Hall Square has been the centre of Tartu. It was the main trading area of the settlement between the castle on the Toome Hill and the riverside port on the Emajõgi. The tradition was upheld for centuries. In the Middle Ages the seat of municipal power – The Town Hall – was erected.

The present building is already the third one on the same site. In comparison with the long history of Tartu its buildings are relatively new: very seldom can you see buildings that date back to earlier than the last quarter of the 18th century, which is the result of numerous devastating wars and fires. The Great Fire of 1775 ravaged almost the whole central part of Tartu. After the fire, Tartu began to obtain its present configuration and the Town Hall was also built. The original Town Hall of Tartu was designed by the master-builder of the town, Johann Heinrich Bartholomäus Walter (1734-1802) from Rostock. The cornerstone was laid in 1782. Although the Town Hall was festively opened in 1786, the finishing touches were not made until 1789.

The Town Hall of Tartu was built at the time when the style of early Classicism reached the Nordic countries, including Estonia, replacing the earlier styles of Baroque and Rococo. The contest between different styles is also reflected in the Town Hall of Tartu.

The three-storeyed building with a high hip-roof and a ridge tower, follows the traditions of Baroque urban palaces in the Netherlands. The Town Hall of Narva, built in the 17th century, was inspired by the same example.

The tower of the Town Hall of Tartu, which was completed in 1784, is in the Baroque style and it is accompanied by the Rococo cartouche on the tympanum of the main façade. In the design of the walls, especially the interior walls, the Neo-Classicist style, being most fashionable at the time, prevailed.

The Town Hall had to perform several functions simultaneously and for this reason its planning was extremely economical. In the vaulted cellar and on the ground floor of the left wing there was a prison, together with the room for its guards. In the right wing – where a pharmacy has been open since 1922 – there was the city board of weights and measures.

To make access for the cart-loads possible to the public scales, there were gates in the back and side façades which, after being walled-up, are still noticeable.

The rooms for the Town Council were on the two upper floors which could be reached via the stairs directly at the main entrance of the building.

A traditional spacious foyer was not built because of the lack of space. On the first floor, there was a long corridor with court rooms and the Mayor’s office on either side. The most ceremonial room is the Hall of the Town Council, located on the second floor of the right wing. The Hall is decorated with rich yet unrefined stucco ornaments made in Walter’s workshop.

During its existence, the Town Hall has undergone several changes. The ground floor was fully rebuilt. In addition to the pharmacy, there were also temporary rooms for a bank. Smaller changes were undertaken on the first floor. Despite these alterations, the Town Hall has preserved its historical shape.

The Town Council and the Government continue to work in the Town Hall of Tartu, underscoring the idea that Tartu is a town of traditions.

  • The coat of arms of Tartu is based on the medieval seal of Tartu. The key and the sword above the gates are the attributes of the Bishopric of Tartu and Tartu’s guardian saints, Peter and Paul.
  • In the 16th century, Southern Estonia was ruled by the Poles. In 1584 Stefan Báthory, the King of Poland, granted Tartu its flag.

Tartu Town Hall

Photos by Kalle Paalits
Photos by Kalle Paalits
Photo by Jaak Nilson
Photo by Jaak Nilson

Last changed 17.03.2017

The Carillon of Tartu Town Hall

Since Christmas 2001, both locals and visitors have been enjoying the chimes of  the Town Hall, which until October 2016, were performed on 18 bells manufactured in the Karlsruhe Bell Factory. To mark the 15th anniversary of the carillon, 16 new bells were cast by one of the world’s most reputable bell-makers – the Royal Eijsbouts Belfry in the Netherlands – to complement the 18 existing bells. The smallest of the bells weighs 8 kg, the largest 96 kg.

To achieve the best harmony of the bells, the 18 old bells were returned to the Karlsuhe Bell Factory for restoration.  

The new carillon of Tartu Town Hall was opened with a show of beautiful music, fire and dance on the 28th October 2016.

With 34 bells, the carillon in Tartu is now internationally recognised as the biggest in Estonia. The new carillon makes it possible to offer more exciting musical experiences. The chimes have become one of the favourite attractions of tourists from around the world, and enhanced bell-ringing options are sure to bring more townspeople to the Town Hall Square to enjoy these beautiful sounds.

The production, delivery and installation of the 16 new bells cost €55,000  and tuning the 18 old bells required an additional €15,000. Private persons and companies donated €39,718 for the carillon during a fund-raising campaign.

Tartu is grateful to everyone who contributed to the beautiful bells of the city!

For further information, please contact: Carillon Project Manager, Merle Kollom, telephone: +372 521 6996.

Photos by Kalle Paalits
Photos by Kalle Paalits

Playlist and Schedule of Chimes 22.06-21.09 2017

  • 9.01am: Olav Ehala "The Bells of Tartu"
  • 12.01pm: Anton Rubinstein "Melody"
  • 3.01pm: Jos D`Hollander"Klokkenzang"
  • 6.01pm:  Franz Lizst "Liebestraum"
  • 9.01pm: Johannes Brahms "Lullaby"

    In June, chime summer concerts started. They will take place on every Friday 8 pm.

    23. June
  • Anton Rubinstein "Melody"
  • Georg Friedrich Händel "Carillon"
  • Miina Härma "Ei saa mitte vaiki olla"
  • Sjef van Balkom "Sonatine"
  • Johannes Brahms "Lullaby"

Last changed 22.06.2017